V Architektur und Umwelt
BALTIC VERNACULAR - CLIMATE AS A DESIGN FACTOR With growing concern for the use of energy and resources and associated climate change, architects have a greater responsibility to design buildings that are environmentally sustainable. But can a few more centimetres of styrofoam insulation, a couple of solar panels and and the latest technical appliances be the solution, or are we not contradicting ourselves? How can we create architecture that will stand the test of time, and moreover, withstand the challenges of more extreme weather conditions?
Climate is one of the most important factors that influence both architectural design and urban planning. It is part of the history of mankind to search for ways to protect or benefit from natural climatic conditions.
Vernacular (traditional) buildings have ‘learned’ to adapt to their environment in the best possible and most simple way over centuries and therefore present a valuable ‘knowledge database’ when it comes to climate-responsive design. The complex interaction of climate-adaptive architectural strategies such as orientation, building shape and form, floor plan organisation, location and size of openings, use of materials, colour and construction techniques are key to climatic architecture. Energy and resource consumption in buildings can not only be cut significantly by applying local climate-responsive design principles, but in doing so we can root new architecture better in its place and connect to local building culture.
During this seminar we will explore the concept of climate-responsive design; we will look into examples of vernacular architecture worlwide and then move our focus towards the Baltic Sea region. We will learn to understand our local climate and predicted changes and will experiment with a toolkit of design principles extracted from examples of local traditional buildings.
We will have two guest critics that will join the discussions within our architectural laboratory; Jonas Nordgren, Partner at Schauman Nordgren Architects (Copenhagen/Helsinki) and Rasmus Kask, Director of the Centre for Rural Architecture in Tallinn, Estonia.
Lecturer: V. Prof. Susanne Brorson